Geography of England.
Of the four parts which make up the UK England is the largest and most populated part. Over 46 million people of the population of the UK live in England.
The coasts of England are washed by the North Sea, the Irish Sea, the English Channel and the Strait of Dover.
It is interesting to note that the sea has been imported in the history of England. It was a good protection against the attacts of outside peoples. Fishing has always been an imported industry, especially in the east. The sea also has a great effect on England's climate.
There are many rivers in England. The longest and the most important is the Thames. The rivers are of great importance for communication and especially for carrying goods.
England is mostly a lowland country. There are upland regions in the north and in the southwest, but the rest of England is almost flat.
Northern England, Midlands and Southern England - each part of England is different. The Lake District in Northern England with its lakes, mountains and valleys is the favourite holiday area. On either side of the Pennines the plains of Yorkshire and Lancashire strech to the sea. In Yorkshire swift rivers flow down from the hills into valleys called 'dales'.
In Southern England are found some of the oldest British settlements and traces of ancient monuments such as Stonehenge.